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Sleep problems and disorders among adolescents

 
Тема закрыта    Список форумов Трудные дети -> Обзор журналов и короткие научные сообщения
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Добавлено: Пт Июл 10, 2009 8:10 am    Заголовок сообщения: Sleep problems and disorders among adolescents

Sleep problems and disorders among adolescents with persistent and subthreshold attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders

Gau SS, Chiang HL;

Sleep 32 (5), 671-9 (May 2009)

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the sleep schedules, problems, and disorders among adolescents with persistent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with partially remitted ADHD symptoms. DESIGN: A case-control study. SETTING: National Taiwan University and schools in Taipei Patients or Participants: The sample included 281 adolescents (male, 85.4%; 145 with persistent ADHD, 136 with subthreshold ADHD), aged 11 to 17, who were diagnosed with ADHD, according to DSM-IV criteria, at the mean age of 6.7 years (SD = 3.0) and 185 unaffected control subjects. INTERVENTIONS: N/A. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: We conducted psychiatric interviews of participants and their mothers using the Chinese Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Epidemiology version for making the diagnoses of ADHD, other psychiatric disorders, and sleep problems or disorders. We also collected the medication treatment data and parent and teacher reports of ADHD-related symptoms. Our results showed that adolescents with a childhood diagnosis of ADHD according to DSM-IV criteria, regardless of persistent ADHD, were more likely to have current and lifetime sleep problems and sleep disorders according to DSM-IV (insomnia, sleep terrors, nightmares, bruxism, and snoring). The presence of at least 1 psychiatric comorbid condition increased the risks for insomnia and nightmares. The use of methylphenidate was not associated with further increased risk of sleep problems, except bruxism. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support a relationship between ADHD and sleep problems, which can be partially explained by the psychiatric comorbidities, but did not support a disturbed sleep schedule. Our study suggests that mental health professionals should screen for sleep problems and psychiatric comorbidities among adolescents with a childhood diagnosis of ADHD regardless of the severity of current ADHD symptoms.
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